Are you primatologist, conservationist or trekker? Are there some facts that you know about the rare mountain gorillas or you are interested in exploring more about them.

1. Mountain Gorilla Trekking is the Number 1 Wildlife Experience

Globally, there are very few wildlife species that you can think about or dream of sparking your imaginations except striking your eyes with an elusive, dramatic group of rare mountain gorillas as they relax in the jungles. Spending an hour with these magnificent apes while on face to face encounter is such a magical encounter that comes once in a lifetime. Mountain gorillas feature as the second biggest of the all the primates that still thrive on earth and it is the last ape family that is recognized by science. Majority of gorillas thrive mainly in thick forested areas of Africa and only in southwestern Uganda (mainly in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park), northwestern Rwanda (Volcanoes National Park) and East of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (the Virunga National Park).

2. Mountain Gorillas Are Endangered

The IUCN has put the mountain gorillas off the list of Critically Endangered Animals. However, there is still need for scientists and conservationists to learn more about the life of these rare creatures on earth. About 1000 of these unique apes are now on earth and they are still listed under the IUCN Redbook as the most critically endangered species.

Despite this, mountain gorillas are still highly threatened species on earth and the most severe threat to the lives of these rare apes is mainly habitat loss due to the continued encroachment to the habitat for the fertile soils for them to cultivate. In Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC, a regional conservation program sighting the significance of keeping the virgin tropical rain forest watershed and the need to habituate some gorilla families to boost visitor exploration has resulted into increased encroachment.

3. Mountain Gorillas are the Largest Apes!

Mountain gorillas are large primates with thick trunk and broad chest and shoulders. The eyes and the ears are dwarfed by its huge head and hairless, shiny black muzzle. The grown up males develop a crown of muscle and hair which makes their heads to appear even longer. The arms are longer than the stubby legs. The fully grown male mountain gorilla grows even twice the size of the females. Males weigh about 195 kilograms and can stretch up to 150 centimeters in height while females weigh around 100 kilograms and can stretch up to 30 centimeters. They are also differentiated using their nose prints which are rare from each other.

4. Mountain Gorillas Live in Families

Mountain gorillas are very shy and retiring rather than ferocious and treacherous. They normally look no trouble unless they are irritated but still they can defend themselves in the family. Groups of these apes are close knit and can range up to 30 individuals or even smaller than that and comprises of at least one adult gorilla mainly called silverback plus one or several females and infants/juveniles. They have strong attachments to members of their own families and even when the family meets and mixes and split, each of them has to remain with its respective unit.

5. A Gorilla Family is Headed by the Silverback

A mature male gorilla is known as a silverback-the name derived from its silvery gray hairs that grow on their backs and they play a great role towards safety and protection of their family members from any kind of attacks or threats from intruders.

6. Gorillas Are Nomadic

They usually roam with a range of 10 to 15 square miles while feeding and resting the entire day. Because they are nomadic, these apes construct new nests on tree branches every day for them to sleep. In case of any attack/threat, gorillas charge against any sort of such behavior, they scream, grab foliage and stuff them in their mouths; they can stand straight on their legs, tear up and throw plants, bit their chests with hands, strike the ground with the palms of their hands and gallop in a mock attack.

7. Mountain Gorillas Are Vegetarian

These rare apes require more food and they are mainly vegetarians and their diet depends on largely wild celery, thistles, bamboo, stinging nestles, bedstraw and some fruits. The plant species that they depend on offer adequate moisture and they don’t need to overlook for water.

8. Mountain Gorilla Numbers Grow Slowly

Mountain gorillas are also known for their slow reproduction rate with females giving birth at the age of 10 and take at least 3-4 more years. The males start breeding from 12 to 15 years when they are the heads of their own families. The females can conceive for about 3 days each month and give birth to one infant at a time though they can also give birth to twins but this is on rare occasion. The newly born gorillas tend to be very weak and very small weighing at least 4 pounds. They have awkward movements and around 3 to 4 months, they can sit upright and even stand with support. They can suckle for around a year and gradually weaned for at least 3 and half years when they are independent.

9. Mountain Gorillas Have Predators

Their predators are the leopards and humans, while crocodiles are potential enemies to the Eastern lowland gorillas. Gorillas are always haunted for their meat or in retaliation for crop raiding and they have become victims of wire snares and traps that are set targeting for small antelopes and other bush animals. Poachers have also continued destroying their whole groups as way to capture their infants to take to the zoos and others are just killed for their heads and hands to be used as trophies.

In conclusion, mountain gorillas are a few rarest and dramatic primates in the world and trekking these apes while in the wild rewards visitors with magical experiences. Learn about gorillas at, a resourceful about gorillas in Africa.

There are 10 countries in Africa where gorillas can be found. These great apes can be seen in a few selected countries that have embraced the development of gorilla tourism. Here are the 5 best places where travelers can see the gorillas in Africa;


Uganda’s gorillas live in the epically named Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, a cloak of tangled green that covers the country’s south-west mountains. It’s more than a day’s drive from the capital Kampala or a quick flight so you’ll work a little harder to get there than in Rwanda, but it’s worth it! Bwindi is a World Heritage Site with over 350 bird species and 200 kinds of butterflies, its mountain gorilla population has grown by a third in recent years.

Trekking in Bwindi is well-established and if you have a couple of days to work with, gorilla sightings are more or less assured.

Fly into Entebbe International Airport to kick off your tailor-made tour. Accommodation, trekking permits and guides are all included, along with the option to add chimp trekking and game viewing.


Africa’s most straight-forward gorilla trekking is found in Rwanda, the tiny Central African country that punches way above its weight in sheer natural beauty reserve- Volcanoes National Park, lies only 80 kilometres and 50 miles from the capital’s airport and is home to about half of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas. You can even pay your respects at Dian Fossey’s grave. It’s a well protected and monitored reserve full of monkeys and forest birds where the chances of encountering gorillas are a reassuring 90 percent some revenue from tourism goes to community projects around the park, reinforcing the positive impact of gorilla trekking and making conservation of the great apes meaningful to rural communities in a very practical way. In fact, in some cases, reformed poachers are now employed by conservation projects that allow them to earn a legitimate income.

Fly into Kigali to start your gorilla trekking tour. You’ll be driven straight to Volcanoes National Park to check into a comfortable lodge. When you trek, you’ll be guided into the forest by expert guides and rangers.


Congo is not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): the two are distinct countries in Central Africa. And while the DRC is enormous, Congo is small but perfectly formed. Odzala National Park is still relatively little known but is attracting deserved re-known for its conservation of lowland gorillas. Unlike their mountain cousins, lowland gorillas are smaller and less shaggy, with softer fur. But like their altitude-dwelling relatives, they are always a joy to behold.

Another boon to Congo is that you can bracket your gorilla trek with big game viewing or highly satisfying birding. Congo is scattered with ‘bais’, a kind of clearing in a forest wetland where the plentiful water and good grazing attract forest elephants and buffalos, large antelope known as bongo and bush pigs.

 Fly into the capital Kampala, and then be whisked off to one of two of Congo’s fly-in lodges, which have both been designed to have as light an environmental footprint as possible.


Cross River gorillas (CRGs) are found only in Cross River State, where the government has invested heavily in tourism infrastructure However, the chances of seeing gorillas here are still slim. Their total population now consists of less than 200 individuals, spread across an area of 12,000 km² which includes Afi Mountain, Mbe Mountain, and the Okwangwo Division of the Cross River National Park. For this reason, scientists are cautious about habituating any.
But visiting the habitat does help to conserve it, and two outstanding primate sanctuaries and reintroduction projects – Pandrillus for drill monkeys and chimpanzees, and Cercopan for numerous monkey species – are based in Calabar.


Gabon made a bold bid to diversify its economy by creating 13 national parks in 2002, most of them containing gorilla habitat. The WLG habituation programme at the Mikongo Conservation Centre in Lopé National Park was terminated in 2010. But although visitors are no longer taken on specific gorilla-spotting treks, visitors can still see them while looking for other wildlife.
Moukalaba-Doudou National Park has some of the highest densities of gorillas, and an eco-tourism project has begun there with help from The Gorilla Organization.

Since the loss of the habituated Lossi gorillas to Ebola in 2002, the nearby Odzala National Park now presents one of the best options for seeing WLGs. It is currently home to two habituated family groups that can be seen by visitors.

The most famous Bai is Mbeli Bai, in Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park, where about 100 gorillas have been monitored by the Wildlife Conservation Society for a decade; gorilla groups can be seen wading into the marsh to forage for water plants alongside forest elephants, buffalo and antelope such as Sitatunga.
Rescued gorilla orphans (WLG) are being rehabilitated back into the forest in the Léfini Reserve two hours’ drive north of Brazzaville, where visitors can view silverbacks on a forested island from a boat.

Is Gorilla Tourism the Best Way to Save Mountain Gorillas?

so the best way of saving the world’s endangered remaining magnificent Gorillas, is to come and see them.

Apart from Mountain Gorillas of virungas, you can visit Nyungwe forest National Park also referred to as primate world, is a home to human closest cousins the Chimpanzees, a primate safari to this park will also reward you with other primates like Olive baboons, Golden Monkeys, Black and white colobus, L’host monkeys among others. A trek into this remote rainforest will also reward you with the view of colorful birds of Rwanda.

Akagera National park also known as the little Serengeti is covered with savannah grassland, inhabits the best of Rwanda safari trips, rich with a variety of animals such as Elephants, lions, Rhinos, hyenas, crocodiles, Buffaloes, Giraffes, Zebras, Hippos, herds of different antelope species like the beautiful Kob, bush bucks, Eland, impalas, bush babies, water bucks, topis among others. A game drive in this park will reward you with the view of all these animals. A Canoe ride ride on ihema lake is another interesting activity to get close to the wild.

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Gorilla tourism is perhaps the main adventure that attracts thousands to Africa for holidays and leisure but its gate pass price increase has instead promoted gorilla tourism in the region than never before. This is evidenced in countries like Uganda, Congo,and Rwanda that famed to the world for great gorilla trekking experience across the globe. Mountain gorillas are the most endangered wildlife species with an estimate of around 880 remaining in the world today and living in Uganda, Rwanda and Congo and nowhere else in the universe.

Change of Gorilla Permits Prices

When Rwanda revised its gorilla permit prices for conservation purposes from $750-$1500 per a trek. Many thought the impact of tourist numbers will kill Rwanda’s gorilla tourism. However, this just turned the destination as an exceptional luxury gorilla safari destination in Africa. Do you want to track gorillas in a luxury setting, style and Comfort? Rwanda’s volcanoes national park offers the best luxury gorilla trekking tours across the world with overnight stays at Bisente lodge, Sabinyo silverback lodge,mountain gorilla view lodge and Volcanoes lodge Rwanda.

Besides, the same circumstance made Uganda and Congo the most affordable gorilla safari destinations for all kinds of travelers, luxury, midrange and Budget hence attracting thousands to Africa. Gorilla permits are on high demand year round that without prior reservation, gorilla permit availability may lead to postponing of your upcoming gorilla tour. With the many habituated gorilla families in Uganda and Congo, tourists have higher chances of finding gorilla permit availability at the time of booking. Though would recommend one to book his or her gorilla safari tour at least a month before the tracking date. Uganda gorilla permits cost $600 and Congo $400 and even go low during low season months also known as gorilla promotional months.

Gorilla Trekking Experience

Once you look into the eyes of mountain gorillas, you understand why it’s important to protect these beautiful apes from being harmed. However, tracking them in their natural environment has been made open and easy for every one not only for wealth travelers. Your gorilla trekking experience contributes a lot to gorilla conservation so long as you love these wonderful creatures. Get an experience for life by visiting Africa and explore the incredible rain forests of Virunga national park, Bwindi National Park, Volcanoes National Park and Mgahinga National Park. Be one of the great heros in the gorilla protection and conservation by making it a regulation to track these rare Apes-Mountain gorillas.

A primate is a mammal of the order Primates, any member of the group of animals that includes human beings, apes and monkeys and a few related forms. In taxonomy, primates include two distinct lineages, strepsirrhines and haplorhines. The order Primates was traditionally divided into two main groupings: prosimians and anthropoids (simians). Prosimians have characteristics more like those of the earliest primates, and include the lemurs of Madagascar, lorisoids, and tarsiers. Simians include monkeys, apes and hominins. More recently, taxonomists have preferred to split primates into the suborder Strepsirrhines, or wet-nosed primates, consisting of non-tarsier prosimians, and the suborder Haplorhines, or dry-nosed primates, consisting of tarsiers and the simians.

Primates are characterized by large brains relative to other mammals, as well as an increased reliance on stereoscopic vision at the expense of smell, the dominant sensory system in most mammals. These features are more developed in monkeys and apes and noticeably less so in lorises and lemurs. Three-color vision has developed in some primates. Most also have opposable thumbs and some have prehensile tails. Book Primate Safari in Rwanda to visit the various primates mentioned in the article below.

Under primates we;

  • Chimpanzees
  • Golden monkeys
  • Black and White colobus monkeys

Chimpanzee and Primate tracking in Nyungwe national park

Nyungwe forest is situated in south-west Rwanda between Lake Kivu and the international border with Burundi. Nyungwe forest national park is Rwanda’s Leading chimpanzee tracking safari destination for primates and birding tours in Rwanda. Nyungwe forest Rwanda is the source of Africa’s great rivers. Rain that falls on the east side feeds the Nile and on the west runs to the Congo. The Congo-Nile Divide is a mountain range that runs north to south through Rwanda.

Beyond gorillas that made Rwanda famous, wildlife all over will be thrilled to know that they can track three more species of primate on their Rwandan holiday: Chimpanzees, Black-and-white colobus monkeys, and the endangered Golden monkey.

Chimpanzees in Nyungwe forest

Chimpanzees are the closest living evolutionary relatives to humans, sharing a common ancestor with humans. They share 99% DNA with human beings. These chimps can be tracked in Nyungwe and Kibale National Park. Chimpanzees live in a leaner hierarchy in which more than one individual may be dominant enough to dominate other members of lower rank. Typically, a dominant male is referred to as the alpha male. Male grow up to 1.7 m high when standing, and weigh as much as 70 kg; the female is somewhat smaller.

Chimpanzees make tools and use them to acquire foods and for social displays; they have sophisticated hunting strategies requiring cooperation, influence and rank; they are status conscious, manipulative and capable of deception; they can learn to use symbols and understand aspects of human language including some relational syntax, concepts of number and numerical sequence; and they are capable of spontaneous planning for a future state or event. Chimps communicate in a manner similar to human nonverbal communication, using vocalizations, hand gestures, and facial expressions.

Chimpanzee tracking can be done all year-round in Nyungwe Forest, rain or shine, and while it is never guaranteed that you will see them, sightings are very common and guides are skillful in tracking them. The experience differs from gorilla tracking as the chimps are running around, so the sightings are a bit more sporadic and rushed, but worthwhile nonetheless.

Chimpanzee groups live high in the canopy of Nyungwe National Park, and catching your first glimpse of one crashing through the forest after hiking into their territory is nothing short of astonishing. During the rainy season, a troop of chimpanzees often moves into Uwinka and the colored trail as well, and it is up to the tourist to decide whether to pay extra to track them. You may be able to hear chimpanzees before you see them; from somewhere deep in the forest, an excited hooting, just one voice at first, then several, rising in volume before stopping abruptly or fading away.

Golden monkeys in Nyungwe forest

These striking golden monkeys are a treat for the eyes. With their bright orange fur contrasting the green rainforests of the Virunga Mountains, it’s a photographers dream, Visitors meet with their guides at Volcanoes National Park’s Kinigi Headquarters and the visit is done once per day, time will be allocated once booked.

The thirteen primate species which are found in Nyungwe represent something like 20-25% of the total number in Africa, an extraordinary figure which in East Africa is comparable only to Uganda’s Kibale forest. Furthermore, several of these primates are listed as vulnerable or endangered on the IUCN red list, and Nyungwe is almost certainly the main stronghold for at least two of them. The most celebrated of Nyungwe primates is the Rwenzori Colobus a race of the more wide spread Angola colobus which is restricted to the Albertine Rift.

Black and White Colobus monkeys

They are closely related to the brown colobus monkeys of genus Piliocolobus. The word “colobus” comes from Greek and is so named because in this genus, the thumb is a stump. Colobuses are herbivorous, eating leaves, fruit, flowers, and twigs. Their habitats include primary and secondary forests, riverine forests, and wooded grasslands; they are found more in higher-density logged forests than in other primary forests.

These charismatic monkeys sometimes referred to as Ruwenzori Colobus – take up the final place in Rwanda’s Big-4 primate species. Nyungwe Forest is again home to this attractive species. Because they live within sizeable groups (one of the habituated troops has more than 200 individuals), an encounter with Colobus Monkeys in Rwanda often exceeds sightings anywhere elsewhere in Africa.

Chimpanzee and primate tracking in Kibale national park

Kibale National Park is a national park in southern Uganda protecting moist evergreen rain forest. It is 766 square kilometers (296 sq. mi) in size and is located between 1,100–1,600 meters (3,600–5,200 ft) in elevation. Kibale is one of the last remaining expanses to contain both lowland and montane forests. In eastern Africa, it sustains the last significant expanse of pre-montane forest

The park is home to a total of 70 mammal species, most famously 13 species of primate including the chimpanzee. It also contains over 375 species of birds. Kibale adjoins Queen Elizabeth National Park to the south to create a 180km-long corridor for wildlife between Ishasha, the remote southern sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park, and Sebitoli in the north of Kibale National Park.

In Kibale national park, there is what we call chimpanzee tracking and chimpanzee habituation experience.

Uganda is probably one of the best places in the world to see habituated wild chimpanzees. Most people do not realize that they have a choice between chimpanzee tracking and a Chimpanzee habituation experience. People come to Uganda for the Mountain Gorillas and Chimpanzee tracking. There are 4950 chimpanzees within Uganda; Kibale Forest alone has the most with almost 1500 Chimpanzees. Most visitors visit the chimpanzees much like the Mountain Gorillas for one hour there is however another option that allows you to be with chimpanzees all day long in the forests of Budongo or Kibale Forest it is the habituation experience all day with chimpanzees in their natural setting.

Chimpanzee tracking experience

Chimpanzee tracking is where by a trekker goes to the forest to view the already habituated chimpanzees. The habituated chimpanzees are normally confined in one area and are not aggressive and stubborn. They are friendly. Chimpanzee tracking can take 1-3 hours. When your guide comes to a standstill, you might sometimes think that you are lost. Don’t worry your guide is an expert you can rely on him as he tries to locate the chimps. By 11 a.m. the chimps take finally a rest and this is the best time to approach and observe them closely. It’s only at that moment that you realize that they have been habituated. They tolerate you when taking a rest and continue their daily duties. When you are lucky you see them on the ground. With the appropriate photo equipment you can take some good pictures. Sometimes they are high in the trees and you will need your binoculars to observe them well. You will stay about one hour with them.

Chimpanzee habituation experience

CHEX is a process that is used to make these largely wild apes approachable by human beings without causing any harm. This experience entails getting the chimpanzees used to the presence of humans (to remove the fear of humans from the group), a process that takes up to two years and today you are part of that process by your all day presence in the forest.  With Chimpanzee Habituation Experience it means an early breakfast, a packed lunch and you are off before dawn breaks into the forest. You meet your guide and you are off to where the chimpanzees built nests the night before. Dawn is just breaking and the chimpanzee community you are going to be with the rest of the day is rising from their sleep. It’s a unique, all-day trek and there’s no telling where the chimpanzees will lead you. Their movements are unpredictable whether it’s uphill, downhill or on even ground, you follow the agile group, sometimes at challenging speeds through dense vegetation, for rare, up-close encounters.

Primate walk in Kibale forest

This walk starts from Kanyanchu River Camp at 8:00 am or 3:00pm. It lasts for 2-4 hours and it is the most popular walk, highlighting the diversity of different animals and plant species within the forest. This walk is restricted to four groups of four persons each, in the morning and the same number in the afternoon.

Other primates in Bigodi wetland sanctuary

This is a small sanctuary which protects the Magombe swamp, adjacent to Bigodi trading centre and immediately outside the park boundary. The sanctuary is known for a wide range of biodiversity including species of primates such as red colobus monkeys, black and white colobus monkey, grey-checked mangabey, red tailed monkey, L’Hoest monkey, vervet monkey, blue monkey and baboon. Mammals like sitatunga, bush pigs, bush bucks, otters, mongoose and Chimpanzees. 138 bird species have so far been identified; one of the main bird species found in the sanctuary is the great Blue Turaco.

Zimbabwe is planning to dehorn its roughly 800 rhinos, a measure aimed at curbing poaching activities in the country. The country has Black rhinos, which are smaller and rarer than the White rhino.

Zimbabwe National Parks and Wildlife Management Authority Board Member, Cephas Mudenda, said the organization was working with two private organizations to complete the programme, with 60 rhinos having been dehorned so far.

“Our strategy is to try and save the rhino. If the poachers know that the rhinos in our national parks do not have horns, they are unlikely to come and kill them,” said Mudenda. He added, however, that dehorning alone wasn’t a solution and more needed to be done to fight poaching.

According to NatParks, the intention is to complete dehorning across the country by the end of the year, both in national parks and on privately owned land.

So far, the exercise has covered Chipinge, Lake Kyle in Masvingo, Lake Chivero in Harare and Matopos in Bulawayo.

NatParks explains that dehorning is costly and it is seeking partners to help fund the initiative.

Lets face it, some countries are expensive, some are very cheap and others are somewhere in between. The burning question if you are thinking of visiting Egypt is can Egypt be visited on a budget ? Stuart Cheese, the UK Director of Operations for One World Tours says yes it can and tells you how to make the best of your money.

1. Take and Organized tour

Egypt is an expensive place to “wing”, so while you could just turn up at the airport and go for it, my number one tip for keeping to a budget is to book a tour. 7 days including Cairo, Aswan, Abu Simbel and Luxor will only cost you around £200 and that includes all your transfers, accommodation and site visits. A very good start to Egypt on a budget.

2. If you take a taxi – go straight to where you are going, do not get taken somewhere you had not planned on going to. Whether you are taking an organised tour or not. If you have free time, then you may decide to take a taxi ride somewhere. If you do, be sure to make 100% that you do not want to make any stops en-route. Taxis in Egypt are very cheap, but unfortunately, they will often suggest you stop off at perfume shop etc. They do this simply because, they will be on a kick back from the shop owner on anything you buy. So do keep this in mind.

3. Felucca on the Nile in Luxor

If you have an afternoon free, then a really inexpensive afternoon is a Felucca sailing on the Nile in Luxor. If you set out about 1 o’clock in the afternoon, you’ll sail up river to Banana Island where you’ll have a while to have a wander around and get a drink if required. Sailing back you will get to see the sun setting over the Valley of the Kings. It’s a stunning site and well worth the £5 – yes £5, it will cost you for the sailing. A truly magical afternoon

4. Food is CHEAP !!!

Not much more to add to this. Food in Egypt, not matter where you eat is very cheap indeed. If you go western (takeaway), then you can expect to only pay about 1/3 of the price. If you eat at local (Egyptian) restaurants, then you will be looking at a 3 course meal and drinks costing you around £5 (GBP). Now that’s a holiday in Egypt on a budget !

5. Sound and Light shows

If you have decided to take in the Sound and light shows (in particular at Philae Temple and Karnak), there is a strong argument for not visiting them in the daylight. The sound and light show at Karnak is stunning and I actually think it’s even better than visiting in the daylight and Philae in Aswan is the same – The sailing back across the Nile twth the Temple lit up is worth the money alone. I would not suggest missing The Pyramids in the daytime though – these would definitely be seen during the day and at night

6. Don’t pay for extras you do not need

A little planning can save you time and money. The Valley of the Kings is a perfect example. When you buy your entry ticket, it gives you access to the Valley but more importantly to 3 tombs. This is where research comes in. You can of course buy extra tomb tickets, but to be honest, if you pick the right 3, then there’s just no need to look at the others which will come in as very poor seconds. A note here is also that you have to pay extra to get into King Tuts tomb. Only do this if you really want to say “I have been in Kings Tuts tomb”, otherwise give it a miss, it’s definitely not the best of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

7. Overnight trains

why pay for a night in a hotel ? Overnight trains from Cairo to Aswan / Luxor and from Luxor / Aswan to Cairo are great for a couple of reasons. 1 They are very cheap and 2, they take the place of an overnight hotel stay. So you not only do not have to waste a whole day travelling (the train ride from Cairo to Aswan is around 12 hours) but you lso save on not needing a hotel for the night. If you happened to want extra comfort, you can actually upgrade to a private sleeper cabin on the trains and whilst it will cost you about £35 you get a bed, an evening meal and breakfast. So once again a great little budget tip

8. Don’t give Baksheesh to everyone who asks for it ! If you do not know what Baksheesh is, you will do by the time you get back from Egypt. Baksheesh is a tip in Egypt for doing just about anything, this can be carrying your bags, taking a photo for you, being in a photo with you ! or even in the case of children, a tip just for the asking. So just be careful, if you gave to everyone who asked for it, you would end up having anything but a budget holiday in Egypt !

9. Take lots of pens !

This may sound odd, but if you offer an Egyptian child a pen or a quid, the kids will take the pens every time. Pens are hard to come in Egypt and so if you take a box of 50, you’ll be very popular indeed.

10. Have a big breakfast

Don’t forget that breakfast will almost certainly be included in your hotel stay, so make the most of it and have a hearty breakfast and with most hotels (although you may have to ask) if you are leaving early, they will even box up a continental breakfast for you.

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